Veolia Water Technologies & Solutions

E-Cell Electrodeionization (EDI) Stacks

Modules for ultrapure and high purity water systems

E-Cell electrodeionization (EDI) stacks are the core component of a fully engineered system to produce ultrapure and high purity water. Veolia offers several models with differing capabilities for use in many industries including power generation, semiconductor fabrication, solar panel production, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and at many other heavy industrial sites. E-Cell stacks purchased from Veolia are commonly used by original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) building EDI systems in various applications and capacities with Veolia’s technical guidance. Veolia also offers stacks to the market through other channels, including direct to end-users for replacement of the EDI stacks in their existing systems.

Product offering & applications

E-Cell is an established EDI brand with time-tested manufacturing practices and a reputation for providing premium performance including both the highest levels of product water quality and the lowest energy consumption. Veolia offers the following E-Cell stacks with the typical new-build application for each model.

E-Cell EDI Stack

Nominal Stack Flow Rate

Typical New-Build Applications


7.0 m3/h (31 gpm)

  • Boiler and turbine feed water for steam generation or NOx control for power and general industry
  • Rinse water for painting


5.0 m3/h (22 gpm)

  • Ultrapure water for semiconductor and electronics
  • Smaller capacity power and general industry applications when MK-7 could also be used


3.4 m3/h (15 gpm)

  • Smaller capacity ultrapure water for semiconductor and electronics


3.4 m3/h (15 gpm)

  • Pharmaceutical purified water and water for injection


1.0 m3/h (5 gpm)

  • Pharmaceutical purified water and water for injection


Electrodeionization Technical Overview
  • Electrodeionization modules are built using multiple layers of ion exchange membranes with the space between each membrane filled with ion exchange resin. The ion-exchange membranes are stacked up by alternating layers between those that pass only anions (anion exchange membrane) and those that pass only cations (cation exchange membrane). The layers are placed in between two electrodes and the stack connected to a power supply to create the electrical driving force for continuous deionization.
EDI Diagram
  • As feedwater moves into the stack in the dilute channel, the residual salts and ionizable aqueous impurities (such as carbon dioxide, silica, ammonia and boron) first attach to the ion exchange resin. The direct current electrical field between the electrodes moves anions through the anion exchange membrane toward the anode and into the next layer of ion exchange resin where it is trapped by the alternating use of the cation exchange membrane in what is called the concentrate channel. Conversely, the direct current electrical field moves cations through the cation exchange membrane in the opposite direction toward the cathode and where it is trapped again in a resin-filled concentrate channel by alternating use of anion exchange membrane. As the water moves through the stack in the dilute channel, impurities continue to be removed for the production of ultrapure or high purity water.
  • Although EDI stacks include ion exchange resin, the current passing through the stack splits water molecules into hydrogen and hydroxide ions which work to continuously regenerate the ion exchange resin inside the stack which allows for consistent and stable ultrapure or high purity water quality.
E-Cell EDI Benefits Versus Ion Exchange

Electrodeionization is a critical part of the evolution of demineralization systems from several sequential ion exchange vessels and toward membrane-based systems. In such a flow sheet with reverse osmosis, EDI systems can replace mixed-bed ion exchange systems and provide reliable production of ultrapure or high purity water. Additionally:

  • EDI requires no regeneration chemicals which simplifies environmental, health and safety concerns and reduces chemical costs
  • EDI operates continuously which minimizes risk of breakthrough from exhausted resin and simplifies operations by eliminating the need to take a system offline for regeneration
  • EDI reduces facility requirements by having a smaller footprint and lower height requirement than ion exchange, particularly when including supporting equipment such as chemical dosing systems
  • EDI has no hazardous wastewater discharge and wastes can be easily recycled without the neutralization systems needed for ion exchange
For many customers and in addition to the above benefits, choosing to use E-Cell EDI technology provided lower capital costs and reduced operating expenses when compared to mixed bed ion exchange.



Winflows is one of the most advanced reverse osmosis (RO) and EDI projection tools on the market. It can model both RO and EDI as stand-alone operations but is unique in its ability to model RO+EDI systems as a combined process in a single tool. This improves ease of use given the requirement that most EDI systems have upstream RO to ensure adequate feed water quality to the EDI system. With one tool, making EDI projections is easier than ever.

Winflows includes functionality for all E-Cell stacks and can be used for projections of any size. The Winflows software can be downloaded here.

Winflow graphic